The newest Environmental Historical past has an article by Ian Matthew Miller, “Forestry and the Politics of Sustainability in Early China”, with some fascinating dialogue of arguments for and towards regulation in Chinese language philosophy. The summary:
Between the sixth and second centuries BCE, Chinese language states developed places of work to supervise the sustainable use of forest sources. This period, typically cited as a interval of rampant environmental degradation, additionally noticed the emergence of a discourse of sustainability. The early thinker texts criticized the environmental and ethical degradation of their period with a view to promote particular coverage interventions. In response to the deforestation they depicted, moralist and pragmatist philosophers alike argued for laws on land use as the premise of a sustainable political order. Early states used these concepts to justify state forestry, culminating in intensive forest bureaucracies beneath the Qin and Han empires within the second and third centuries. These forestry establishments have been among the many earliest on the planet, previous state forestry packages in Europe and Japan by practically two millennia. But even on the early apex of state forestry, many thinkers criticized authorities regulation as immoral or ineffective and promoted the self-sufficient group instead foundation of conservation. These early texts have been established because the core of the Chinese language philosophical custom, and their arguments for and towards state regulation grew to become the premise of many later debates over sustainability and institutional forestry.
|ninth century model of the character yu (hunter or forester)
(Chuan Cao, 2016, from the article)