This Day in Water Historic previous not too way back reproduced a 1916 article from the Municipal Journal:

Three Sue Metropolis for Typhoid Deaths. Milwaukee, Wis.-Three suits launched in the direction of city of Milwaukee due to the newest typhoid epidemic, have been filed in circuit court docket docket, by two males for the deaths of their sons, and by a lady for the dying of her husband. They’re for $10,000 each. The complainants declare that the victims contracted the sickness from utilizing lake water, alleged to be unfit to drink because of the sewage which is being persistently emptied into the lake. The suits value negligence in allowing the water to develop into polluted and on the same time supplying it to drink. It is claimed that at quite a few situations over the previous ten years city officers have been notified of the state of affairs of the water, nevertheless that no consideration has been paid to the warnings.

Michael McGuire suggestions:

The typhoid fever epidemic in Milwaukee was attributable to a metropolis employee turning off the chlorine disinfection system for about 10 hours. The epidemic resulted in 513 situations and 59 deaths from typhoid fever. As filtration and chlorination grew to turn out to be additional extensively put in to protect water gives, it grew to turn out to be extra sturdy for cities to say that contaminated water gives weren’t accountable for typhoid fever deaths. The combination of engineers wanting to do the appropriate issue and lawsuits resulted in an accelerated introduction of the model new utilized sciences.

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