Last August’s Environment and Historic previous had an article by Michele Campopiano, “Cooperation and Private Enterprise in Water Administration in Iraq: Continuity and Change between the Sasanian and Early Islamic Durations (Sixth to Tenth Centuries)“. The article has hundreds on the property system of the Sasanians and its relationship to water administration. The abstract:

This textual content reveals that the administration of water belongings in Late Sasanian and Early Islamic Iraq (sixth to tenth centuries advert) implied the participation of native communities and the mutual cooperation of landholders. The organisation of water administration inside the Late Sasanian Interval (sixth to seventh centuries) relied on a extraordinarily superior system of interaction between native communities, aristocratic rulers and the imperial varieties. This interaction allowed the federal authorities to assemble information from completely completely different areas of the empire and to know the needs of the completely completely different stakeholders. As such, the system equipped a useful institutional framework for the enlargement of irrigated agriculture. The system modified when landholding conditions have been reworked inside the Early Islamic interval, in the middle of the ninth century. These institutional transformations allowed the have an effect on of a bunch of tax-farmers and merchant-bankers to increase. Irrigation insurance coverage insurance policies have been resulting from this reality bent to the pursuits of these new elites, which ceaselessly lay in short-term good factors moderately than in long-term success. The article implies that, in the long run, these socio-economic and institutional modifications contributed significantly to the breakdown of the agricultural system in Historic Iraq.

The dry mattress of the Nahrawan Canal near Samarra, photographed by Gertrude Bell in 1909

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