|from Livre de la Chasse|
Transferring from forests in Mexico to English forests, the latest topic of the William & Mary Bill of Rights Journal, dedicated to Magna Carta, has a number of articles on medieval forest laws in England (due to Approved Historic previous Weblog for noting it). The first is Ryan Rowberry's "Forest Eyre Justices throughout the Reign of Henry III (1216–1272)" (for the second, see proper right here). Rowberry notes that college students have estimated that forest jurisdictions lined virtually one-quarter of England by the thirteenth century, presumably further.
As there's quite a few attention-grabbing stuff proper right here, I'll merely quote a bit (omitting footnotes, textual content material in brackets is my very personal). Initially, to clarify what a medieval "forest" was:
‘Forest’ in medieval England denoted a defined area of unenclosed land inside which wild sport, principally deer, along with broad swathes of its habitat have been protected by forest authorized pointers for the benefit of the king. Medieval forests, nonetheless, might embrace “not solely woodland, however as well as heath, pasture, meadow, and arable land, and even hamlets, villages, and townships.” Importantly, forest jurisdictions in England not like these in Normandy might, and often did, lengthen exterior the king’s private demesne land (the crown’s landed property) onto privately held lands, showing as a type of economically restrictive land-use overlay on areas that remained subject to the frequent laws as correctly.